- Bicycle and Pedestrian Count Program
- Walk Safe. Drive Safe. Pedestrian Safety Campaign
- Tucson Bikeways
- PAG 2014 Regional Pedestrian Plan
- Bicycle Friendly Community Program - Pedaling Toward Platinum
- The 5 E's of Bicycle Planning
- Commuting and Safety
- Pedestrian Laws (Arizona)
- Bicycle Traffic Laws (Arizona and COT)
- Additional Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plans
- Additional Pedestrian Resources
- External Links
- Pedestrian Safety Toolbox
- Bicycle Pedestrian Subcommittee
Pima Association of Governments is an active partner in bicycle and pedestrian planning efforts in the region. As the region's metropolitan planning agency, PAG brings together diverse groups, interests and jurisdictions in order to improve bicycle and pedestrian facilities and programs.
The region's bicycle network consists of over 1,000 miles of bicycle lanes, routes, shared-use paths/trails and bicycle boulevards. The region is committed to improve walking and cycling conditions and to encourage more people to try these healthy transportation alternatives. The Tucson/Eastern Pima County region also has a gold-level, bicycle friendly community designation from the League of American Bicyclists. PAG collaborated with member jurisdictions to submit the application and to be the first region in the country to achieve this designation.
Bicycle and Pedestrian Count Program *3.4% increase in bicylists explained
Pima Association of Governments annually conducts a bicycle and pedestrian count. Each fall, jurisdiction staff and volunteers count at approximately 80 locations through the entire region and also include pedestrian counts as well. PAG began the program in 2008 to:
- Better understand the trends and characteristics of cyclists by collecting cyclist data on: direction of travel, gender, age, helmet usage, sidewalk riding, riding the wrong way against traffic
- Evaluate planning efforts
- Help guide investments
This October, Pima Association of Governments will conduct the annual Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Count.
Bicycle and Pedestrian Crash Analysis
PAG updates a regional bicycle crash analysis annually with data dating back to 2001. The Bicycle Crash Analysis quantifies the number of total crashes, crashes per population and fatal crashes. In addition, many additional factors are looked at including:
- General location
- Daylight conditions
- Alcohol as a factor
- Bicyclists and motorist actions (Going straight, turning left, turning right, etc.)
- Bicyclist and motorist violations (Speeding, running stop sign, no improper behavior, etc.)
The crash analysis is used to help identify mitigation strategies such as wrong way signs and pavement markings, as well as to help identify enforcement education that is needed. PAG staff also will start analyzing pedestrian crash information.
Walk Safe. Drive Safe. Pedestrian Safety Campaign
Every year, an average of 250 pedestrians within Pima County are injured while crossing the street. Of those, about 20 are killed. That’s 20 men, women or children who will never go home again. Probably more injuries and deaths than you thought. We all play a role in safety, whether we are a pedestrian, bicyclist or driving a motor vehicle. Let's start by following the rules of the road and watching out for each other. Walk Safe. Drive Safe.
The PAG #WalkSafeDriveSafe pedestrian safety campaign (above image) delivers message to help reduce injuries and fatalities.
For more info visit WalkSafeDriveSafe.com
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PAG 2014 Regional Pedestrian Plan
Prioritizing pedestrian safety, comfort and accessibility is gaining ground in public decision-making and transportation investments, both locally and nationally. Recent jurisdictional and regional planning efforts have identified improving walkability as an important goal for the Tucson region. The U.S. Department of Transportation continues to promote better conditions for bicyclists and pedestrians. Walking is being treated more as a viable mode of transportation in its own right and as an indicator of a livable community; pedestrian improvements are no longer considered an “add-on” to roadway projects, but rather as an integral part of the transportation system.
The region still faces many challenges in improving our pedestrian environment. The Federal Highway Administration has selected Arizona as a Pedestrian Safety Focus State due to a higher-than-average pedestrian fatality rate. Construction and installation of over 100 miles of sidewalks and a number of signalized pedestrian crossings in recent years make a difference, yet many parts of the region still lack basic, comfortable or safe pedestrian infrastructure.
Given the interest in improving such challenges, PAG has developed the PAG 2014 Regional Pedestrian Plan to reflect that interest. PAG’s plan is data-driven and has established pedestrian priorities. Additionally, the plan has:
- Emphasized the importance of walking as a mode of transportation in the Tucson region
- Helped us understand pedestrian needs
- Set regional pedestrian goals and targets
- Identified priorities for regional pedestrian improvements
For more information about the PAG 2014 Regional Pedestrian Plan, contact Patrick Hartley at PHartley@PAGregion.com
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* The 3.4 % increase in bicyclists was calculated using the 39 “Core” locations which are spread throughout the region and have been consistently monitored each year with one-day counts since 2008. The calculation consisted of the difference of the three year average from 2015-2013 and 2008-2010 and dividing by the 2008-2010 value. [(6733 – 6512) / 6512] = .034 or 3.4%
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Bicycle Friendly Community Program – Pedaling Toward Platinum
The Tucson/Eastern Pima County Region is designated a Gold Level Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists (LAB). The LAB is one of the largest and most respected bicycle advocacy organizations in the country.
The award reflects the exceptional level of cooperation among the nine regional jurisdictions, and acknowledges the depth and breadth of programs, policies, facilities and outreach that make the Tucson-Pima Eastern Region the premier bicycle friendly region in the country.
While we are proud of the gold designation, the region strives for platinum, the highest rating given. PAG coordinates the Platinum Challenge Task Force, a group of citizens, jurisdiction staff, law enforcement and interest group representatives that work together to identify improvements needed in order to become a platinum-level community, encourage the region to implement them and develop the regional application to submit to the League of American Bicyclists.
Platinum in 2016
The Tucson region is working on improvements to our bicycle programs to make us even better in our future efforts to achieve platinum status from the League of American Bicyclists (LAB).
2012 LAB Application and Attachments
- PAG Regional Council Resolution Supporting Application
- Support Letter from City of Tucson Mayor Jonathan Rothschild
- Platinum Task Force Membership
- Notes to clarify regional application answers
- BAC Membership List (Q 14c)
- Tucson Roadway Development Policies-Bike (Q 19b)
- *City of Tucson Bicycle Accommodation Policy (Q 19b)
- Pima County Roadway Design Manual-Bike (Q 19b)
- Pima County Safe Routes to School Ordinance (Q 19b)
- *City of Tucson Bicycle Parking Standard (Q 22)
- Photos of Mountain Biking in Tucson (Q 31e.)
- *BICAS Refugee Bicycle Program Video (Q 45)
- Pima County Library Book Bike Photos (Q 46)
- *Video featuring Richard Camona,former U.S. Surgeon General, riding his bike saying, “This is My Tucson” (Q 53)
- *Tucson Regional Economic Development Recruitment Video (Q 53)
- *Tucson Metro Bicycle Map (Q 62)
- Bicycle Sanctuary Poster (Q 63a)
- 2010 Bicycle Count List (Q 73)
- 2010 Bicycle Count Map (Q 73)
- Bicycle Count Segments data (Q 73)
- Southern AZ Race History (Q 73)
- PAG Crash Analysis Sample Chart (Q 76)
- PAG Regional Plan for Bicycling (Q 77f)
- *Pima Regional Trails System Master Plan (Q 78a)
- Resource List
Five part series that tracks the Tucson-Pima County effort to achieve platinum status as a Bicycle Friendly Community in 2012.
||2012 – PAG submitted an application in February for platinum status on behalf of the region and received notification in May that the region was re-designated a gold-rated community.
2008 – PAG submitted another regional application and the region was re-designated a gold-rated community. To view the 2008 application, click on the link above.
2006 – PAG submitted an application on behalf of the region and received a gold designation.
2004 – The City of Tucson submitted an Bicycle Friendly Community application and was designated a silver community.
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The 5 E's of Bicycle Planning
Communities applying for LAB recognition are judged in five categories or the 5 E's of Bicycle Planning:
- Evaluation and Planning
Communities are asked about what is on the ground; what has been built to promote cycling in the community. For example, questions in this category inquire about the existence and content of a bicycle master plan, the accommodation of cyclists on public roads, and the existence of both well-designed bike lanes and multi-use paths in the community. Reviewers also look at the availability of secure bike parking and the condition and connectivity of both the off-road and on-road network.
Engineering Accomplishments since 2008:
- Bicycle Boulevards – The City of Tucson established a bicycle boulevard program to help attract new bicycle riders. The City received funds to enhance the existing 3rd Street Bicycle Boulevard. The 4th Avenue/Fontana Bicycle Boulevard is currently under construction. Liberty Street has funding to convert it to a bicycle boulevard. The City has several other boulevards in design and is seeking funding for construction.
- Urban Loop – Pima County has made huge strides in completing the 55-mile, off-street, shared-use path loop around the City of Tucson. Where space permits, the loop will be a Divided Urban Pathway with two separate parallel paths, one paved and the other a softer surface to accomodate different types of users. The Urban Loop consists of all of the Rillito River Park and the Julian Wash Greenway, and parts of the Santa Cruz River Park, the Pantano River Park and the Houghton Greenway. Today, 63 percent of the urban loop is constructed, though by 2012, it is expected to be 81 percent completed.
- Bicycle Parking – A proposal to reduce bicycle parking requirements in the City of Tucson was defeated through an organized bicycle advocacy effort. Instead, the update to the city code has strengthened the bicycle parking requirements in response to citizen action. All new businesses, for example, are required to provide bicycle parking and in a location nearer to the business than previously required.
- Complete Streets Policy – In March 2011, Pima County through Communities Putting Prevention to Work funding held a Complete Streets Summit with a public presentation by Mark Fenton, a national Complete Streets expert/enthusiast. The summit included a technical Complete Streets workshop for transportation planners and engineers through the National Complete Streets Coalition. Community leaders are pursuing both a regional Complete Streets Policy and individual jurisdictions are considering adopting a Complete Streets ordinance.
The questions in this category are designed to determine the amount of education available for both cyclists and motorists. Education includes teaching cyclists of all ages how to ride safely in any area from multi-use paths to congested city streets as well as teaching motorists how to share the road safely with cyclists. Some things that reviewers look at are the availability of cycling education for adults and children, the number of League of American Bicyclists' cycling instructors in the community, and other ways that safety information is distributed to both cyclists and motorists in the community including bike maps, tip sheets, and as a part of driver’s education manuals and courses.
Education Accomplishments since 2008:
- Ambassador Program - Pima County launched an ambassador program that hires trained teachers to do safe riding education and outreach. In 2010, the third year of the program, ambassadors reached more than 6,500 cyclists.
- Safe Routes to School – The Pima County/City of Tucson Safe Routes to School program continued to expand into more schools throughout the region. More schools participate in the walk/bike to school day events each semester. In 2010, more than 2,000 K-8 students were taught safe walking and biking curriculum in the schools. The Pima County Safe Routes to School program has expanded into the middle schools – reaching the population that will soon be driving cars.
- Bicycle Camps – Two nonprofits in the region: BICAS and El Grupo Cycling are pairing up to offer the region’s first summer bicycle camps in summer of 2011. To learn more about the camps, visit: http://bicas.org/camps
- Pima County Safe Routes to School Ordinance – In 2009, the Pima County Board of Supervisors adopted an ordinance that encourages developers to meet with school district personnel in order to provide safe walking and bicycling paths for school children. This is one of the first local ordinances in the country regarding Safe Routes to School.
This category concentrates on how the community promotes and encourages bicycling. This can be done through Bike Month and Bike to Work Week events as well as producing community bike maps, route-finding signage, community bike rides, commuter incentive programs, and having a Safe Routes to School program. In addition, some questions focus on other things that have been built to promote cycling or a cycling culture such as off-road facilities, BMX parks, velodromes, and the existence of both road and mountain bicycling clubs.
Encouragement Accomplishment since 2008:
- Living Streets Alliance – Living Streets Alliance is a nonprofit, advocacy group that was formed in early 2011 to promote healthy communities by empowering people to transform our streets into vibrant places for walking, bicycling, socializing and play. LSA hit the ground running in its first few months by hosting nationally renowned bike/pedestrian planner Mia Birk for a series of events, coordinating Bike Fest 2011, spearheadeding significant improvements for bicycle parking in the City’s new Sustainable Land Use Code, and significantly contributing to the second annual Cyclovia Tucson.
- BikeFest - Bike Fest is Tucson's annual celebration of bicycling that occurs each spring and includes Bike to Work Week. The event first began in the 1980s and each year continues to grow. In 2011, there were dozens of events that encouraged Tucsonans to get out and ride including Cyclovia, Bike to Work commuter stations, Tour of the Tucson Mountains and many more!
- Cyclovia - Cyclovia Tucson is an annual car-free event that opens selected streets to people so that they can walk, skate, run, bicycle and socialize with their neighbors. Modeled after other events around the world and in the United States, Cyclovia Tucson closes off streets to cars along a specified route and includes different activities along the route such as bicycle rodeos, bicycle decorating, jumping castles, zumba, live music, etc. The first two years of Cyclovia have been so successful, organizers are trying to figure out how to make it happen more often.
- TucsonVelo.com – TucsonVelo.com is a bicycle blog dedicated to all things bicycle-related in the Tucson region. TucsonVelo.com was created by Michael McKisson and launched in 2010. The goal of TucsonVelo.com is to keep readers informed about news, advocacy issues, events and people important to Tucson’s cycling community. New articles and the calendar of events is updated daily and as a result TucsonVelo.com has improved both awareness and transparency of cycling issues.
The enforcement category contains questions that measure the connections between the cycling and law enforcement communities. Questions address whether or not the law enforcement community has a liaison with the cycling community, if there are bicycle divisions of the law enforcement or public safety communities, if the community uses targeted enforcement to encourage cyclists and motorists to share the road safely, and the existence of bicycling related laws, such as those requiring helmet or the use of sidepaths.
Enforcement Accomplishments since 2008:
- Bicycle and Pedestrian Enforcement Grant - The Tucson Police Department received a grant in 2010 to promote bicycle and pedestrian safety through education and enforcement. TPD conducted deployments with special attention to violations that involve bicycles. They first issued warnings and education information to cyclists doing illegal cycling behavior. The grant also was used to warn and cite motorists for illegal behaviors that endanger cyclists such as driving in the bicycle lane and the three-foot law.
- Bicycle Rapid Response Team - TPD began using a Bicycle Rapid Response Team in 2009 to manage and control crowds. The officers are trained in escort, blocking, diversionary and dispersal techniques and are used for events such as demonstrations, sporting events, parades, etc. The Rapid Response Team has been used for several Tucson events including SB1070 protests and May Day peace demonstrations.
- Officer Education Advancements - In the past few years, regional law enforcement officers have received more information regarding bicycling laws. TPD disseminated six training scenarios regarding bike laws, enforcement techniques and investigation including scenarios entitled, “Bicyclist vs. Motorist Collision” and “Overtaking Bicycles.” In addition, 3 TPD officers have successfully completed the League of American Bicyclist’s League Certified Instructor program.
- Citation Evaluation - The Bicycle Advisory Committee Enforcement Subcommittee receives City of Tucson and Pima County crash reports involving cyclists. The Subcommittee analyzes each report to determine if they feel the incident was adequately reported and cited. They developed a database so that the information is well organized and easily searchable. The Subcommittee hopes the information will be used to raise awareness and education for the officers and will result in both better reporting and more accurate citations.
5. Evaluation & Planning
Here the community is judged on the systems that they have in place to evaluate current programs and plan for the future. Questions are focused on measuring the amount of cycling taking place in the community, the crash and fatality rates, and ways that the community works to improve these numbers. Communities are asked about whether or not they have a bike plan, how much of it has been implemented and what the next steps for improvement are.
Evaluation Accomplishments since 2008:
- Bike Count Program – In 2008, PAG kicked off an annual bicycle count program to better evaluate the number of people currently bicycling, track how this number is changing over time, record characteristics of cyclists such as helmet usage and to identify locations needing improvements. In 2010, the third year of the program, volunteers and jurisdictional staff counted over 20,000 cyclists at 98 locations across the region.
- Bike Crash Analysis – PAG updates a regional bicycle crash analysis annually with data dating back to 2001. The Bicycle Crash Analysis quantifies the number of crashes, general conditions such as jurisdiction and whether alcohol was a factor, and both the bicyclist and motorist actions that resulted in the crash. This information is used to help identify mitigation strategies such as wrong way signs and pavement markings, as well as to help identify enforcement education that is needed.
- Bicycle Master Plans - The Regional Plan for Bicycling was last updated in 2009. The University of Arizona is currently developing a bicycle and pedestrian plan for the campus and surrounding areas to encourage active transportation modes and to improve safety in high volume areas on campus.
- Automated Counters – In order to supplement the bicycle count program and record cycling behavior at key locations, the region is piloting automated bicycle counters. One of the counters is a mobile device that will be moved to count at various locations across the region. A permanent counter will be placed in the bike lanes of a busy Tucson corridor. Expected date of installation is July 2011.
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The 2016 PAG Tucson Bikeways Map is here!
- See the Maps and Resources tab on the Pima County Bicycle and Pedestrian Program page for the latest versions of the following:
- Tucson Metro Bike Map
- Tucson Metro Bike Map (smaller size for mobile devices)
- Share the Road Guides
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Commuting and Safety
Get into shape. Help clean the air. Help reduce traffic congestion. Riding your bicycle to work, school or to another destination one day a week can make a difference.
The average distance that people travel to work is less than 10 miles, and more than half of these trips to work are 5 miles or less. This distance is considered ideal for bicycling commuting.
If you are new to commuting, select a route and test it; check and/or select equipment; learn basic repair techniques; at least how to change and repair a flat tire; and last, but most important, review and use proper riding skills.
You may want to take a course in bicycle maintenance and/or riding skills. Check with Pima Community College, the University of Arizona, local bicycling clubs and bicycle shops for current course offerings.
As a cyclist, you must be aware of your rights and responsibilities under the law. As a motorist, you should always be aware of these laws and how to interact with cyclists. Understanding your role in our multi-modal street system and obeying the laws will help keep our community bicycle-friendly.
Bicycling Safety Tips
- Be Visible Always thing of how other operators see you; Wear light and/or bright colors to be seen better.
- Be Predictable Follow the same rules motorists do. You will get along with them better and enjoy cycling more.
- Select The Best Route Look for roadways that have less traffic, are wider and are reasonably straight. Use designated bike routes. They are planned for your safety and enjoyment as a bicyclist.
- Watch For Hazards Regularly scan the roadway ahead and to your side for cars, pedestrians and unexpected hazards such as potholes, glass and roadside trees that limit visibility. Be prepared to yield even though you may have the right-of-way. Ride at least 2 feet from the road edge to avoid debris and allow space to maneuver.
- Keep Control Of Your Bicycle Keeping both hands on the handlebars allows you to make quicker turns and stops. In rain, allow up to three times the normal distance to stop.
- Always Wear A Helmet A helmet does four things for you: Makes you more visible; keeps your head cooler in the sun; helps gain motorists respect; and, most importantly, it protects your head if you fall.
- Use Lights At Night - Be Seen! The laws requires a white headlight and red rear reflector at night. Adding a red tail light or amber reflector makes you even more visible.
- Obey Traffic Signs, Signals, Laws Bicyclists must operate their bicycles like drivers of vehicles. Obeying laws makes you more predictable to motorists, who will then take you more seriously.
- Lock Your Bike When You’re Gone Lock your bike with a U-shaped lock or a strong cable or hardened chain. Lock it to an immovable object such as a bike rack, putting the lock or cable through both wheels and the frame.
- Cross Tracks With Care Ride over railroad/trolley tracks at right angles only. This prevents wheels from slipping on or getting stuck in the tracks, which can cause serious injury.
- Use Hand Signals Hand signals tell motorists and pedestrians what you intend to do. Signal as a matter of law, courtesy and self-protection.
- Ride On The Right With Traffic Ride with traffic. Motorists aren’t looking for bicyclists riding on the wrong side of the roadway. Bicycling on the wrong side is particularly dangerous at intersections, roadway curves and on the crests of hills.
- Turning Left Bicyclists can make a left turn by: 1) signaling, yielding to traffic, moving into the left lane, then turning left; or 2) riding straight across, stopping, and crossing when clear.
- Riding Through Intersections When you’re going straight through an intersection, avoid the right-turn-only lane. Don’t try to ride to the right of a right-turning motorist, even if you think you have the right-of-way.
- Motorists, Pass With Care Motorists are required by law to pass with at least three feet clearance; please provide even more (up to five feet) whenever possible.
Call the Arizona Bicycle Club at (520) 791-4372 to ask for a free copy of the Bicycle Commuter Handbook or the Bicycle Guide.
Glossary of Bike Terms
- Bikeway: A generic term describing any type of facility that is specifically designated for bicycle use.
- Bike Route: A facility that is desgnated by signing, and has no pavement striping.
- Bike Lane: A facility that is designated by signing, and does have pavement striping.
- Shared-Use Path: A path that is physically separate from any road or street, and which provides for only human powered use, includes bicycles.
- Shared Roadway: A road or street that is open to both bicycle and motor vehicle travel.
Definitions are based on the Guide For the Development of Bicycle Facilities, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 1999.
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Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety Diversion Program
Multiple courts in Pima County allow dismissal of violations received while walking or riding a bicycle with completion of the EZ AZ Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety course. For information on participating courts and registration information, please visit www.ezazbikeped.com. The three-hour bicycle/pedestrian safety course costs $39.
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Pedestrian Laws (Arizona)
Please refer to Arizona Revised Statutes for exact wording.
28-791. Pedestrians subject to traffic rules
A. Pedestrians are subject to traffic control signals at intersections as provided in section 28-645 unless required by local ordinance to comply strictly with the signals. At all places other than intersections, pedestrians are accorded the privileges and are subject to the restrictions stated in this article.
B. A local authority may require by ordinance that pedestrians strictly comply with the directions of an official traffic control signal and may prohibit by ordinance pedestrians from crossing a roadway in a business district or crossing a designated highway except in a crosswalk.
28-792. Right-of-way at crosswalk
A. Except as provided in section 28-793, subsection B, if traffic control signals are not in place or are not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be in order to yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is on the half of the roadway on which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. A pedestrian shall not suddenly leave any curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle that is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.
B. If a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of another vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
28-793. Crossing at other than crosswalk
A. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.
B. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.
C. Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
28-794. Drivers to exercise due care
Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter every driver of a vehicle shall:
1. Exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian on any roadway.
2. Give warning by sounding the horn when necessary.
3. Exercise proper precaution on observing a child or a confused or incapacitated person on a roadway.
28-795. Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalk
Pedestrians shall move expeditiously, when practicable, on the right half of crosswalks.
28-796. Pedestrian on roadways
A. If sidewalks are provided, a pedestrian shall not walk along and on an adjacent roadway.
B. If sidewalks are not provided, a pedestrian walking along and on a highway shall walk when practicable only on the left side of the roadway or its shoulder facing traffic that may approach from the opposite direction.
C. A person shall not stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of a vehicle.
28-797. School crossings; civil penalty; assessment; definition
A. The director with respect to state highways, the county board of supervisors with respect to county highways or the governing body of a city or town or its designee with respect to city or town streets, by and with the advice of the school district governing board, may mark or cause to be marked by the department or local authorities crosswalks in front of each school building or school grounds abutting the locations where children are required to cross the highway or street.
B. The department or local authorities may approve additional crossings across highways not abutting on school grounds on application of school authorities and with written satisfactory assurance given the department or local authorities that guards will be maintained by the school district at the crossings to enforce the proper use of the crossing by school children.
C. The manual prescribed in section 28-641 shall provide for yellow marking of the school crossing, yellow marking of the center line of the roadway and the erection of portable signs indicating that vehicles must stop when persons are in the crossing. The manual shall also provide the type and wording of portable signs indicating that school is in session and that the civil penalty for a violation of this section will be doubled when the signs are present and permanent signs that warn of the approach to school crossings.
D. When the school crossings are established, school authorities shall place within the highway the portable signs indicating that school is in session. This placement shall be not more than three hundred feet from each side of the school crossing. In addition, portable signs indicating that the driver shall stop when children are in the crosswalk shall be placed at school crossings. School authorities shall maintain these signs when school is in session and shall cause them to be removed within one hour after the end of a school session or pursuant to an agreement with a city or town.
E. Notwithstanding any other law:
1. An agency of appropriate jurisdiction may establish a school crossing on an unpaved highway or street adjacent to a school when the agency determines the need for the school crossing on the basis of a traffic study. School crossings on unpaved highways and streets shall be marked by the use of signs as prescribed in the manual prescribed in section 28-641.
2. A local authority may establish a school crossing at an intersection containing a traffic control signal if the local authority determines the need for a school crossing on the basis of a traffic study.
F. A vehicle shall not proceed at a speed of more than fifteen miles per hour between the portable signs placed on the highway indicating that there shall be no passing, that school is in session and that the driver shall stop when children are in the crosswalk.
G. When a school authority places and maintains the required portable signs indicating that there shall be no passing, that school is in session and that the driver shall stop when children are in the crosswalk, all vehicles shall come to a complete stop at the school crossing when the crosswalk is occupied by a person.
H. A vehicle approaching the crosswalk shall not proceed at a speed of more than fifteen miles per hour between the portable signs placed on the highway indicating that there shall be no passing, that school is in session, that the driver shall stop when children are in the crosswalk and that the civil penalty will double.
I. When a school authority places and maintains the required portable signs indicating that there shall be no passing, that school is in session, that the driver shall stop when children are in the crosswalk and that the civil penalty will double, all vehicles shall come to a complete stop at the school crossing when a person is in the crosswalk.
J. If a person is found responsible for a violation of subsection F or G of this section, the person is subject to a civil penalty.
K. If a person is found responsible for a violation of subsection H or I of this section, the person is subject to a civil penalty and shall pay an additional assessment equal to the amount of the civil penalty. The additional assessment is not subject to any surcharge.
L. The court shall collect the additional assessment imposed pursuant to subsection K of this section at the same time the court collects the civil penalty. Partial payments of the total amount due pursuant to this subsection shall be divided according to the proportion that the civil penalty, the surcharges levied pursuant to sections 12-116.01 and 12-116.02 and the additional assessment imposed pursuant to this section represent of the total amount due. The court and the department shall treat failure to pay the additional assessment imposed pursuant to this subsection in the same manner as failure to pay a civil penalty, including taking action against the person's driver license or permit or privilege to drive pursuant to sections 28-1601, 28-3153 and 28-3305.
M. If a person is found responsible pursuant to subsection K of this section in a justice court or superior court, the court shall transmit monies received to pay the additional assessment to the county treasurer. If a person is found responsible pursuant to subsection K of this section in a municipal court, the court shall transmit the monies received to pay the additional assessment to the city treasurer. The city or county treasurer shall deposit the monies received to pay the additional assessment in a fund to pay for costs related to enforcement of this section.
N. For the purposes of this section, "school is in session", when used either in reference to the period of time or to signs, means during school hours or while children are going to or leaving school during opening or closing hours.
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Bicycle Traffic Laws (Arizona and COT)
State of Arizona Bicycle Laws
Please refer to Arizona Revised Statues for exact wording.
28-735. Overtaking bicycles; civil penalties
A. When overtaking and passing a bicycle proceeding in the same direction, a person driving a motor vehicle shall exercise due care by leaving a safe distance between the motor vehicle and the bicycle of not less than three feet until the motor vehicle is safely past the overtaken bicycle.
B. If a person violates this section and the violation results in a collision causing:
1. Serious physical injury as defined in section 13-105 to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to five hundred dollars.
2. Death to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to one thousand dollars.
C. Subsection B of this section does not apply to a bicyclist who is injured in a vehicular traffic lane when a designated bicycle lane or path is present and passable.
28-756. Method of giving hand and arm signals
B. A person operating a bicycle may give a right turn signal by extending the right hand and arm horizontally to the right side of the bicycle.
28-811. Parent and guardian responsibility; applicability of article
A. The parent of a child and the guardian of a ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit the child or ward to violate this chapter.
B. Except as otherwise provided in this article, this chapter applies to a bicycle when it is operated on a highway or on a path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
28-812. Applicability of traffic laws to bicycle riders
A person riding a bicycle on a roadway or on a shoulder adjoining a roadway is granted all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title, except special rules in this article and except provisions of this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title that by their nature can have no application.
28-813. Riding on bicycles
A. A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than on or astride a permanent and regular seat attached to the bicycle.
B. A person shall not use a bicycle to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
28-814. Clinging to vehicle
A person riding on a bicycle, coaster, sled or toy vehicle or on roller skates shall not attach the bicycle, coaster, sled, toy vehicle or roller skates or that person to a vehicle on a roadway.
28-815. Riding on roadway and bicycle path; bicycle path usage
A. A person riding a bicycle on a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except under any of the following situations:
1. If overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction.
2. If preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
3. If reasonably necessary to avoid conditions, including fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians, animals or surface hazards.
4. If the lane in which the person is operating the bicycle is too narrow for a bicycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
B. Persons riding bicycles on a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
C. A path or lane that is designated as a bicycle path or lane by state or local authorities is for the exclusive use of bicycles even though other uses are permitted pursuant to subsection D or are otherwise permitted by state or local authorities.
D. A person shall not operate, stop, park or leave standing a vehicle in a path or lane designated as a bicycle path or lane by a state or local authority except in the case of emergency or for crossing the path or lane to gain access to a public or private road or driveway.
E. Subsection D does not prohibit the use of the path or lane by the appropriate local authority.
28-816. Carrying article on bicycle
A person shall not carry a package, bundle or article while operating a bicycle if the package, bundle or article prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand on the handlebars.
28-817. Bicycle equipment
A. A bicycle that is used at nighttime shall have a lamp on the front that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred feet to the front and a red reflector on the rear of a type that is approved by the department and that is visible from all distances from fifty feet to three hundred feet to the rear when the reflector is directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A bicycle may have a lamp that emits a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear in addition to the red reflector.
B. A person shall not operate a bicycle that is equipped with a siren or whistle.
C. A bicycle shall be equipped with a brake that enables the operator to make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.
City of Tucson Bicycle Laws
Please refer to City of Tucson Code for exact wording.
Sec. 5-1. Parking of bicycles.
It shall be unlawful to park a bicycle upon any public sidewalk or street in a manner that substantially impedes pedestrian or vehicular traffic or obstructs access to public or private facilities.
(Ord. No. 7276, § 1, 9-11-89)
Sec. 5-2. Riding on sidewalks and pedestrian paths, and through underpasses.
(a) It shall be unlawful to ride a bicycle on any public sidewalks, or upon a designated pedestrian path in any public park, unless signs are posted specifically permitting bicycling.
(b) It shall be unlawful to ride a bicycle through any underpass when signs are posted prohibiting bicycling.
(Ord. No. 7276, § 1, 9-11-89)
Sec. 5-2.1. Postal employees and law enforcement officers exempt from certain riding and parking provisions.
The provisions of sections 5-1 and 5-2 shall not apply to U.S. Postal Service employees engaging in the collection or delivery of mail or to law enforcement officers while engaged in the performance of law enforcement duties. For purposes of this section, law enforcement officer shall include local traffic enforcement agents.
(Ord. No. 7276, § 1, 9-11-89; Ord. No. 9046, § 1, 4-20-98)
Sec. 5-3. Enforcement.
Any violation of a provision of this chapter shall be a civil infraction, unless otherwise specified, subject to the provisions of chapter 8 of this Code.
Violations of this chapter shall be deemed civil infractions subject to a sanction of twenty-five dollars ($25.00).
(Ord. No. 7276, § 1, 9-11-89; Ord. No. 8958, § 1, 9-22-97)
MOTORIZED BICYCLE OR TRICYCLE
Sec. 5-4. Regulating motorized bicycle or tricycle; purpose and intent.
The state has granted municipalities express authority to regulate or prohibit the operation of motorized electric or gas-powered bicycles or tricycles. It is the purpose and intent of this article to provide for the regulation of motorized electric or gas-powered bicycle or tricycle ("motorized bicycle or tricycle") to protect the safety of pedestrians, bicyclists, motor vehicle drivers and operators of motorized bicycles or tricycles. The mayor and council find it is in the public interest to regulate the operation of motorized bicycles or tricycles by prohibiting their use on sidewalks, multi-use paths, shared use paths and pedestrian paths, and by imposing age restrictions and safety requirements for the riders of motorized bicycles or tricycles.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-5. Definition.
As used in this article "motorized bicycle or tricycle" means an electric or gas-powered bicycle or tricycle that is equipped with a helper motor that has a maximum piston displacement of forty-eight (48) cubic centimeters or less or an electric motor of less than seven hundred fifty (750) watts (1 h.p.), that may also be self-propelled and that is operated at speeds of less than twenty (20) miles per hour.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-6. Applicability of traffic laws.
In the City of Tucson, a person riding a motorized bicycle or tricycle is granted all of the rights and is subject to all the duties applicable to a bicycle rider under state and local law.
Motorized bicycles or tricycles that are operated at speeds in excess of nineteen (19) miles per hour are regulated by state law and must comply with state law requirements.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-7. Prohibited operation.
(a) It shall be unlawful for a person under sixteen (16) years of age to operate a motorized bicycle or tricycle.
(b) It shall be unlawful to operate a motorized bicycle or tricycle on any public sidewalk, multi-use path, and shared-use path or on any designated pedestrian path in any public park.
(c) It shall be unlawful to use a motorized bicycle or tricycle to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
(d) It shall be unlawful to ride a motorized bicycle or tricycle through any underpass or at any other location where signs are posted prohibiting bicycling.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-8. Helmet use requirement.
No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall operate a motorized bicycle or tricycle or be a passenger on motorized bicycle or tricycle, ride in a restraining seat attached to a motorized bicycle or tricycle, or ride in a trailer towed by a motorized bicycle or tricycle unless the person is wearing a properly fitted and fastened bicycle helmet which meets the current standards of the American National Standards Institute for protective headgear.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-9. Nighttime use requirements.
A motorized bicycle or tricycle that is used at nighttime shall have a lamp on the front that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred (500) feet to the front and a red reflector in the rear of a type that is visible from all distances from fifty (50) feet to three hundred (300) feet to the rear where the reflector is directly in front of the upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A motorized bicycle or tricycle may have a lamp that emits a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear in addition to the red reflector.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-10. Responsibilities of parents, guardians, and legal custodians.
(a) The parent, guardian, or legal custodian of any minor shall not authorize or knowingly permit such minor to violate any of the provisions of this article.
(b) If a fine is imposed upon a minor who is found to be in violation of this section, the parents or legal guardian having custody or control of the minor shall be jointly and severally liable with the minor for payment of the fine, whether or not the parents or guardian knew of, or anticipated, a violation of this section.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 5-11. Violation declared a civil traffic violation.
(a) Violation of this article shall constitute a civil traffic violation punishable by a mandatory minimum fine of one hundred dollars ($100.00).
(b) All complaints for violations of this article shall be issued and adjudicated in accordance with the Arizona Rules of Procedure in Civil Traffic Violation Cases and applicable state and local law.
(Ord. No. 10321, § 1, 9-19-06)
Sec. 20-29. Requirement for helmet use; Bicycle renters and sellers; civil penalties; waiver of fine.
Sec. 20-29(1). No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall ride a bicycle or be a passenger on a bicycle, ride in a restraining seat attached to a bicycle, or ride in a trailer towed by a bicycle unless that person is wearing a properly fitted and fastened bicycle helmet which meets the current standards of the American National Standards Institute for protective headgear.
(Ord. No. 8167, § 1, 11-22-93)
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Additional Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plans
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Additional Pedestrian Resources
Safety and How-To Guides
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Regional, State and Federal Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
Local Government Maintenance contacts
Bicycle Information contacts
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Pedestrian Safety Toolbox
Pima Association of Governments' "Pedestrian Safety Toolbox" focuses on three distinct areas: Evaluation, Engineering and Implementation. PAG member jurisdictions use resoures primarily derived from national best practices to help identify locations with safety concerns, types of safety concerns and mitigation strategies to help determine priority projects for implementation.
Resources and best practices from other regional efforts and PAG's ongoing safety efforts are accessible in the Pedestrian Safety Toolbox
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Bicycle Pedestrian Subcommittee
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